Malignant transformation of a dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor after radiation and chemotherapy.

Rushing EJ, Thompson LD, Mena H.
Ann Diagn Pathol. 2003 Aug;7(4):240-4.
We describe a case of anaplastic astrocytoma in a 14-year-old boy arising at the site of a dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT) 3 years after combined radiation and chemotherapy. The subtotally excised superficial right temporoparietal tumor was originally diagnosed as mixed oligoastrocytoma in 1974; the patient was treated with radiation therapy postoperatively. One year later he underwent a craniotomy to remove cyst fluid and no change was reported in the size of the residual tumor. Postoperatively, he received a 6-week course of chemotherapy (lovustine, CCNU). He remained clinically and radiographically stable until 3 years later, when seizure activity returned and imaging studies were consistent with tumor recurrence. He was lost to follow-up until 1986, when records showed that he had died. Review of the initial biopsy showed cortical fragments containing abundant calcifications and multinodular structures typical of the complex form of DNT, in addition to specific glioneuronal elements. The Ki-67 labeling index ranged from 0.1% to 3% focally. The specimen from the third surgery showed an anaplastic astrocytoma (Ki-67 up to 12%) and morphologic features characteristic of radiation effect. This is the first documented case of malignant transformation of DNT following radiation and adjuvant chemotherapy. The implications of malignant transformation in subtotally excised complex DNTs and the intriguing issue of the contribution of radiation/chemotherapy are discussed.
PubMed ID: 12913847
Article Size: <1 MB

Intradural, extramedullary spinal cord granular cell tumor: a case report and clinicopathologic review of the literature.

Weinstein BJ, Arora T, Thompson LD.
Neuropathology. 2010 Dec;30(6):621-6.
Granular cell tumor (GCT) of the spine is uncommon, with intradural extramedullary location being exceptionally rare. The non-specific clinical presentation and variable histologic patterns can make recognition of this tumor challenging. Two previous reports of GCT of the spine were reviewed (Medline 1960-2009) and analyzed with respect to this case report. The patients included two women and one man (mean age, 28.7 years). Patients presented with 3 to 4 months of lower back pain and/or lower extremity radiculopathy. The lesions appeared radiographically to be intradural and extramedullary or intramedullary. The tumors were found at T10 or L1-L2 space. Radiographically, all tumors enhanced homogenously on T1 post-gadolinium imaging with a mean tumor size of approximately 1.6 cm. Histologically, the tumors were composed of large, polygonal granular cells. The abundant cytoplasm was fine or coarsely granular, surrounding small, pale-staining nuclei, which were eccentrically located in the cell. The tumor cells were periodic acid Schiff positive, diastase resistant, and were positive with S-100 protein, CD68, inhibin, and neuron-specific enolase immunohistochemistry. The clinical and histologic differential diagnosis includes schwannoma, neurofibroma, meningioma, astrocytoma, melanocytoma, and metastatic tumors. Patients were managed with excision. One patient had symptomatic and radiographic local recurrence that was subsequently treated with radiation, resulting in stabilization of disease and symptoms. Intradural GCTs of the spine are rare and radiographically indistinguishable from tumors that more commonly arise in this location. Histologic recognition of this rare tumor is important because the subsequent clinical course of the disease differs from other similar lesions.
PubMed ID: 20113407
Article Size: 1 MB

Retroperitoneal peripheral hemangioblastoma: a case report and review of the literature.

Fanburg-Smith JC, Gyure KA, Michal M, Katz D, Thompson LD.
Ann Diagn Pathol. 2000 Apr;4(2):81-7.
Central nervous system hemangioblastomas are uncommon tumors of controversial etiology that are usually found in the posterior fossa of the cranial cavity, retina, and spinal cord. Peripheral involvement is rare; only isolated case reports have been identified. We report an unusual case of hemangioblastoma involving the retroperitoneum. A 47-year-old African-American man presented with polycythemia on routine laboratory testing. Computed tomography revealed a large retroperitoneal mass near the pancreas, in a left suprarenal location, without adrenal involvement and without attachment to a nerve. Although hemangioblastoma may be associated with the von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, this patient did not have any of the stigmata of this disease. The histologic features included a highly vascular tumor with cellular areas composed of plump, pleomorphic spindled and epithelioid (stromal) cells with variable cytoplasmic lipid vacuoles and hypocellular areas with inflammatory cells and collagenous fibrils. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the tumor (stromal) cells were positive for vimentin, calponin, S-100 protein, neuron-specific enolase, and CD57 and negative for glial fibrillary acidic protein, cytokeratins, epithelial membrane antigen, CD34, HMB-45, desmin, and the actins. These morphologic and immunohistochemical findings are consistent with hemangioblastoma. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of a hemangioblastoma in this location. Based on this case we conclude that hemangioblastoma may occur in the retroperitoneum and outside of the central nervous system in a patient without von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. The immunoprofile of this case suggests that hemangioblastomas are mesenchymal neoplasms exhibiting both neural and myofibroblastic differentiation.
PubMed ID: 10760321
Article Size: <1 MB