Ear Nose Throat J. 2005 Oct;84(10):636.
FIRST PARAGRAPH: Parathyroiditis is a rare and poorly understood condition. Chronic parathyroiditis may occur in patients with hypoparathyroidism, as well as in those with primary chief-cell hyperplasia. Most patients are asymptomatic. Antibodies to parathyroid tissue are seen in only a few cases of parathyroiditis. It is thought that parathyroiditis represents an autoimmune process similar to thyroid gland Hashimotos disease. The presence of seronegative cases of parathyroiditis does not rule against an autoimmune etiology, because a similar phenomenon is observed in Hashimotos thyroiditis. Based on this assumption, it is believed that the lymphocytic infiltration is an ongoing destructive process.
PubMed ID: 16382744
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