Parathyroid carcinoma.

Thompson LD.
Ear Nose Throat J. 2008 Sep; 87(9):502-504.
FIRST PARAGRAPH: Parathyroid carcinoma is rare, comprising less than 1% of all cases of primary hyperparathyroidism. Parathyroid carcinoma occurs in patients of all ages, and there is no predilection for either sex. Its clinical features are primarily attributable to the effects of hypercalcemia and excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH). Most of its symptoms–weakness, fatigue, anorexia, weight loss, and nausea–are nonspecific, but an excessively high serum calcium level (>16 mg/dl) can be associated with nephrolithiasis, renal insufficiency, and bone ‘brown tumors.’ A palpable neck mass suggests a parathyroid carcinoma. Parathyroid carcinoma is a suggested component of hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome.
PubMed ID: 18800320
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