Diagnostic Approach to Fine Needle Aspirations of Cystic Lesions of the Salivary Gland

Pantanowitz L , Thompson LDR, Rossi ED.
Head Neck Pathol. 2018 Mar 9. doi: 10.1007/s12105-018-0904-8. [Epub ahead of print]
Fine needle aspiration (FNA) has diagnostic and therapeutic value in the management of salivary gland cysts. Rendering an accurate diagnosis from an aspirated salivary gland cyst is challenging because of the broad differential diagnosis, possibility of sampling error, frequent hypocellularity of specimens, morphologic heterogeneity, and overlapping cytomorphology of many cystic entities. To date, there have been no comprehensive review articles providing a practical diagnostic approach to FNA of cystic lesions of salivary glands. This article reviews the cytopathology of salivary gland cysts employing 2017 World Health Organization terminology, addresses the accuracy of FNA, and presents The Milan System approach for reporting in cystic salivary gland cases. The utility of separating FNA specimens from salivary gland cysts, based upon the presence of mucin and admixed lymphocytes in cyst fluid is demonstrated. A reliable approach to interpreting FNA specimens from patients with cystic salivary gland lesions is essential to accurately determine which of these patients may require subsequent surgery.
PubMed ID: 29524082
Article Size: 3.5 MB