Hodgkin-like transformation of a marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the larynx.

Fung EK, Neuhauser TS, Thompson LD.
Ann Diagn Pathol. 2002 Feb;6(1):61-6.
Primary larynx lymphomas, specifically of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue, are a rare but documented phenomenon. Transformation of any type of lymphoma that has the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells is unusual in lymph nodes and exceptional in extranodal sites. Herein, we report the first case (to the best of our knowledge in a review of the English literature [MEDLINE 1966-2001]) in which both of these unusual findings are present; that is, an extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of laryngeal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue with Hodgkin-like transformation. The patient is a 78-year-old man who presented with intermittent shortness of breath, progressive dysphagia, and intermittent hoarseness. On examination, a large mass of the left supraglottic larynx was identified with a ‘ball-valve’ effect into the laryngeal inlet with inspiration. Examination of the neck showed no palpable masses. Histologic examination of the incisional biopsy showed replacement of the submucosa by sheets of atypical monocytoid B cells (CD20+, CD79a+, lambda+, CD3-) characterized by nuclear atypia, mitotic activity, plasmacytoid differentiation, and restricted for lambda light chains. Dutcher bodies were easily identified. Interspersed throughout the neoplastic lymphoid population were numerous Reed-Sternberg cells and variants immunoreactive for CD30 and CD15 and nonreactive for CD45RB. The patient was treated with 44 cGy to the neck and larynx and was alive and free of disease at last contact, 2.6 years after the original presentation.
PubMed ID: 11842381
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